Basic Disaster Plan for Imperiled Wild Psittacines
Immediate Evacuation or First Responder/Immediate Disaster Scene (no time for proper preparation)
Some disasters occur with no warning nor time for preparation. The goal is to capture and transport birds as quickly and safely as possible. There may be no time to collect, prepare and transport birds as described in pre-planning. This is the “grab-and-go”, “life-or-death”, absolute necessity do-what- you-have-to situation. It does not take the place of proper preparation and training. Pre-disaster training in these emergency techniques is strongly advised. There will be casualties and failure.
Capture and Restraint
If aviaries/cages/building need to be immediately evacuated or have suffered extreme damage, birds will have to be captured and transported. Practice makes perfect! The goals are rapid, safe-to-human-and-bird, efficient, secure methods with as little stress as possible.
Supplies good to have on hand:
cable ties, duct tape, hair ties, bungies
pillow cases: a supply of pillow cases, rolled with a hair 2e or elas2c band, should be within reach of every cage and flight. safe, rapid, portable, even chewing and fran2c birds are calm and not injured by the confinement.
t-shirt: cable tie or knot the openings. Bird can be captured with it and the item inverted over the bird for rapid capture and containment.
paper bags: non-chewing, injured, or small birds (cannot be wet)
laundry basket/bucket: bungie a towel over the top, towel or cloth in the bottom of the
cardboard box with towel or cloth in the bottom: will work for a short period
utility tub: cut air holes, secure tops with bungie or tape
coolers with air holes (remember they are airtight and birds will suffocate if no ventilation); secure tops with bungie or tape
identification and photos (digital) consistent with disaster training if possible
cart or wheelbarrow on foot
disaster response team transport
Disasters may destroy or contaminate existing food supplies. Tropical conditions will promote spoilage and mold. Food procured under dire circumstances must be:
sanitary: clean, free of mold, rot, insects, rodent contamination
wholesome and proper nutrition: as appropriate to the species
stable: storage or shelf-life in adverse conditions with electricity or without electricity
Emergency recommendations for food
fresh: cooked rice, beans, wind-fall fruits and vegetables which have not been contaminated, foods approved for human consumption
canned: vegetables, beans, rice, etc.
MRE: vegetarian options including rice and pasta and bean dishes
emergency options: peanut butter/rice/cornmeal balls
Drinking and bathing water must be sanitary and free of contamination.
water purification tablets can be toxic to birds
emergency purification recommendations include filters for particulates, toxins/heavy metals, microbes including viruses
rain water still needs to be treated eg air pollution and collection contamination
Food and Water for birds that cannot be captured
Remote feeding and watering stations may help wild birds in need. They need to be in safe and secure areas, be cleaned and replenished regularly, and be predator- and rodent-proof.
facility or camp requirements for injured non-injured birds
capture and restraint supplies, bedding, perches, cleanliness
dark, quiet warm
basic first aid kit
safety and public health
first aid kit for humans and birds
nets: collapsible pole nets, throw nets, other appropriate capture equipment towels
folding cages or crates of appropriate bar spacing and size for psittacines
utility tubs: cut air holes, secure tops with bungie or tape
towels/newspaper for bedding
food and water bowls
cleaning equipment and supplies
portable aviary/enclosures (in a pinch, a family-sized tent with appropriate perching and ground cloth can work for a limited time period for some species)
lighting (battery, solar, and/or generator-powered)